Posting to RDA-L
On 4/5/2016 11:27 AM, email@example.com wrote:
I was searching LC Name Headings’ database for some geographic names when i first realized that they are given the type “corporate name (type of heading)”. However, when opening the record, all these places are coded 151. I have checked the records for the following places : Beirut (Lebanon), Constantinople, Byzantium, Istanbul (Turkey).
Why are these places given the type “Corporate body” not “Geographic name” ; and is it a rule that apply to all place names in NAF??
If you look at SHM H0690 (http://www.loc.gov/aba/publications/FreeSHM/H0690.pdf) you will see the background for this situation.
In essence, there are two aspects to these types of headings: geographic area and jurisdictional (government). The same form of the name is used in both cases. This is why you have headings such as
151 __ |a United States
110 1_ |a United States. |t 2002 Winter Olympic Commemorative Coin Act
151 __ |a United States |x History |y 1783-1815
In the first instance, “United States” is a jurisdiction (110), and is the author of the law, “2002 Winter Olympic Commemorative Coin Act”.
In the second instance, “United States” is a geographic area (151), and we have a history of that geographic area from 1738-1815. In the SHM, we learn that LC decided not to have duplicates in the authority files for geographic areas/jurisdictions.
You can also look at 008 positions 14 and 15, where it will tell you if a heading is appropriate for use as a name and/or as a subject. In the case of the heading “United States” 008 781220n| azannaabn |b ana
there are two “a”s, which means that it is valid for both name and subject use.
The subject 151 __ |a United States |x History |y 1783-1815 has the 008: 008 860211|| anannbabn |n ana
which is a “b” in position 14, which means that it is not appropriate as a name heading. (See: http://www.loc.gov/marc/authority/ad008.html)
By the way, this is one point I hope the “new catalogs” will fix. It should be much easier than it is now for catalogers to dig out the codes from the 008 fields.